Walls with peeling paint can make your home look poorly maintained. And not only does it look bad, but it also often means there’s a larger problem with moisture on your exterior walls. Find out why it’s happening and how you can fix it by following the steps below.
- Step 1: Inspect Flaking Paint Trouble Spots
Peeling paint occurs when moisture collects under a painted surface. Moisture enters wood surfaces from the unpainted side, gets absorbed and then dries. This repeated swelling and shrinking of wood causes the paint to pull away from the surface, which results in cracking and peeling paint. Locate sources of moisture by checking areas for leakage from gutters or eaves of the house. If paint is flaking on exterior walls near a bathroom or the kitchen, pipes may be sweating or leaking, or excess heat may be causing condensation that eventually leads to peeling paint.
Use a ladder to get a close look at areas outside where visibility is poor, or consider using binoculars to examine your siding’s condition from the ground. Either of these will help you identify potential problems.
- Step 2: Remove Loose Paint
Remove all peeling and flaking paint using a paint scraper. Cover the ground with drop cloths to catch paint chips, dust, and debris. Next, sand the surface. You can rent or buy a disc sander with 60-, 80- and 120-grit sanding discs. For very limited areas, use a random-orbit sander, hand sander or disc sander drill attachment. Begin sanding with a coarse abrasive and finish with a fine one. Pay particular attention to smoothing the edges between painted and scraped areas. This is called feathering. Painting will accentuate, not hide, any ridges and edges you leave.
- Step 3: Repair and Prepare
Patch any small issues with an exterior spackling compound. For larger problem areas, use a two-part polyester resin filler to repair any holes or damaged wood. Mix the filler as directed and apply with a plastic squeegee. Sand the cured filler with a hand sander to make it smooth and level with the surrounding wood.
Paint tends to peel or flake near joints between dissimilar materials—think siding and trim, window frames and glass, etc. This is where water seeps into cracks and soaks into the wood, causing the paint to peel. Use an old screwdriver or similar tool to scrape out any failed caulk from joints and cracks. Then use a stiff brush to clean the joints. Allow any moisture to dry completely before applying exterior paintable caulk with a caulking gun.
Clean and wash the surface before painting. Rent or buy a pressure washer to thoroughly clean your home’s exterior. If mildew is present (black or grey spots), you’ll need to remove it by washing the surface with a mixture of trisodium phosphate (TSP), bleach and a stiff brush. Wash from the bottom to the top to avoid staining. Allow the surface to dry for at least two to three days before painting.
Remove light fixtures and other hardware with a screwdriver so you don’t have to paint around them. If you can’t remove a fixture, you can cover it with plastic sheeting and masking tape. Remove the shutters so you can paint behind them—you can save the chore of painting shutters for a rainy day in the garage. Also, cover shrubs, the ground, and walkways with drop cloths. Slide window screens up behind storm windows or remove them.
Paint will not bond well to wood exposed by sanding. Before you paint, be sure to use a high-quality paint primer, like True Value® EasyCare® Ultra-Premium Exterior Primer/Sealer. This seals porous surface material so your topcoat won't soak in and dry unevenly. Priming also helps prevent peeling, rusting and bleed-through (especially on wood and concrete). Apply with a brush, roller, or spray applicator to all bare wood. Allow it to dry completely before moving on to the next step.
- Step 4: Start Painting
Paint a new coat. Pour True Value EasyCare® Ultra-Premium Exterior Paint into your paint tray, coat your roller applicator and get started. Follow the “top-down” rule—work from the top of your home down to get the most even coverage. Finish with the trim. Go over the paint surface with a roller again when you’re done to balance coverage. Use paintbrushes for windows, trim, cracks and crevices. Use two coats for optimal results.
That's it! You've taken care of unsightly flaking paint on your exterior walls.
Project Shopping List
Here’s what you’ll need to complete this project successfully.
- Putty Knife
- Sanding Disc
- Random orbit sander
- Wet Mop
- Dust mask
- Fans (optional)
- Spackling Compound
- Stiff Brush
- Paint Brush
- Masking tape
- Caulking gun
- Roller Sleeve
- Paint Tray